Our 2nd assignment for this class deals with a sensitive and tough subject matter: Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. The goal is to propose design solutions to further UM’s School of Law’s COURAGE in Policing Project’s work to “identify good practices and increase accountability” regarding domestic violence and sexual assault, both in the U.S. and globally.
Our team is looking in to the Global scope of the issue. We are assigned to Georgia and Mongolia, two countries that are implementing the guidance of the Department of Justice’s Guidelines for Identifying and Preventing Gender Bias in Law Enforcement Response to Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence as a result of domestic violence,. This guideline was released by the U.S Department of Justice (DoJ) in December 15, 2015.
The guideline has 8 major points that examines how gender bias can undermine Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA’s) response to sexual assault and domestic violence and provide a set of basic principles that — if integrated into LEA’s policies, trainings and practices—will help ensure that agencies’ efforts to keep victims safe and hold offenders accountable are not undermined, either intentionally or unintentionally, by gender bias.
On October 11 one of our assignments was to watch the documentary Home Truth which is based on a real-life tragedy of Jessica Lanahan’s children’s death at the hands of their father almost 20 years ago. The documentary tells the story of Jessica, who experienced a parent’s worst nightmare when her three young daughters were killed after being abducted by her husband in violation of a restraining order. After 5 phone calls and 3 visits to the police station, her calls and please were not taken seriously and this tragedy could have been prevented had there been no bias toward her as a domestic violence victim.
The documentary sheds light on the realities of Law Enforcement’s gender bias in policing domestic violence and sexual assault. After so many years, were they able to shift their old ways of thinking about how police respond to these kinds of calls and situations.
User Interviews and Observations
Outline your interview process. How did you select your interviewees? Which stakeholder group(s) are they part of? Who are they demographically?
For our interviews, we had to coordinate with Anabel and her class schedule as well as our own. For Bayaraa, we made some attempts to interview her through the phone, and video, but finally were able to connect with her through Zoom meeting on the phone only.
For Tamar, we haven’t been able to get in touch yet, since she was on vacation. We will reach out today to send her some interview questions.
These women are in the group of Advocates. We were only able to reach these women since we do not personally know anyone in the police department, or any justice court or service community.
Anabel • Female • Mid 20s • Law Student at University of Miami
Bayaraa • Female • Late 40s • Human Rights Lawyer
Tamar • Female • Human Rights Lawyer
Here are the questions we prepared ahead of our interview.
- Can you give us a brief background on the issue of domestic violence and sexual assault in Mongolia/Georgia?
- What would victims of domestic violence and sexual assault normally do after this happens to them?
- What would be some examples of best practices for identifying and preventing gender bias in law enforcement responses to domestic violence and sexual assault?
- What would be some examples of bad practices?
- Is it a cultural issue?
- What kind of tools for research have been implemented to monitor data to identify and prevent gender bias in law enforcement responses to DV and AS (precedents)
- What is the current education level of women in Mongolia/Georgia?
- Are young people in Mongolia/Georgia are educated about sexual equality? In the Home, School?
- What is the awareness level of sexual assault, domestic violence and sexual equality of women in Mongolia/Georgia?
- What is the public’s attitude towards sexual equality in Mongolia/Georgia? (what is the attitude of men towards this issue?)
- How is information about the Department of Justice guidance going to be disseminated to the community? The people? Police? To the survivors?
Interview: Anabel Blanco
The interview with Anabel went on very nicely more like a conversation. She was giving us a background about the COURAGE Policing Project here in the University and how it’s a year-long class that they take as an elective.
We learned that the COURAGE Project is implementation in practice.
Anabel informed us that one of the best ways to gather information is through surveying and that they’ve gotten some good responses from surveys done with Law Enforcement and responders outside of LEA.
She mentioned that it is essential to retrain police officers in how they respond to DV and SA calls, they are the first responders and they need to be trained in these traumatic situations to be more victim-centered and to deal with these traumatic experiences and how they treat, question/interview victims and what resources are they sharing with victims after they have placed a report.
Anabel also informed us that Georgia is trying to be part of the European Union and they are doing their part to implement the current policies on policing similar to other European Union countries to be up to par with the rest of the countries in this area of Law Enforcement.
Anabel mentioned the existence of the CEDAW – the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women – which is the body of independent experts that monitors the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Countries that have become part of the treaty are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights of the Convention are being implemented. The CEDAW outlines many situations where there has been bias or violence against women and it’s a toolkit to review and it explains some of the existing programming that is present and what challenges there are along with new opportunities to rectify behaviors and these existing programmings.
Interview: Bayaraa Jigmiddash – Contact with Mongolia ties
We learned that in the countries assigned (Georgia and Mongolia) the culture in these countries is one of patriarchy that is very much present and predominant in every area of society.
Data tells us that the amount of cases being opened, most of them end up being dropped due to the bias within the justice system and they don’t like to handle Domestic Violence cases. We are told that this is because there is a culture of SILENCE in which women just don’t report these cases because they say they are discriminated against for not keeping their men happy.
Bayaraa also told us that the level of education of the women there is almost 100% and this adds to the complexity of the matter because of this, men subconsciously feel a level of anger and frustration so they take it out on the women.
The subject of domestic violence is taboo within the middle class and they don’t tell on their spouses or partners. There are many statistical anecdotes about domestic violence and between social classes as well but they are just not reported.
Despite the law, Bayaraa said that the importance is to change the mindset of bias which is where we could come in, exploring tools to identify these biases, document and prevent these biases.
Educating law enforcement in the critical skills they need to identify biases within the force and precincts, exploring individual bias, exploring institutional bias and retraining people as to how to report and have accountability.